Meanwhile, there are many health benefits of mangosteen peel. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is a tropical evergreen tree native to Indonesia. The fruit is dark purple or dark red, with white pulp which tastes sweet and refreshing. The fruit was known to be the favorite of Queen Victoria of England. The fruit is nominated to have the highest antioxidant in the world.
Normally, people just eat the sweet pulp and throw away the purple peel. Thus, recent studies found out that mangosteen peel is also useful, and the peel even contains more antioxidant than the pulp. The useful peel is the inner side, located near the pulp. Therefore, this article explains all the health benefits we can get from mangosteen peel.
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Nutritional Value of Mangosteen Peel
Mangosteen peel is rich in antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. Before explaining all health benefits of mangosteen peel, let us see the nutritional value of 100 grams of fresh mangosteen peel in the table below:
|Component||Amount / 100 g||% Daily Value|
|Calories||59 Kcal||2,95 %|
|Fat||0,4 g||0,6 %|
|Cholesterol||0 mg||0 %|
|Sodium||0 mg||0 %|
|Total Carbohydrates||15,30 g||5,1 %|
|Dietary fiber||2,7 g||10,8%|
|Protein||0,20 g||0,4 %|
|Vitamin C||0,4 %|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamin)||1,3 %|
|Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)||0,6%|
|Vitamin B3 (niacin)||0,5 %|
|Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)||0,6 %|
|Vitamin B6||2,5 %|
Daily Value is based on 2000 Calories diet. Your may need more or less calories according to your age, gender, health status, and your daily activities. According to scientific research, mangosteen peel is very rich in antioxidants, especially xanthone, tannin, phenolic acid, and antocyanin.
Meanwhile, recent studies about health benefits of mangosteen peel make drug companies produce supplements from mangosteen peel extracts massively. We can read the health benefits of mangosteen peel below.
1. Prevents Cancer
Mangosteen skin is very advised to be consumed by people who are susceptible to cancers, or those who already have cancers. The high antioxidants in mangosteen peel is very important to fight free radicals causing cancers. Moreover, xanthone, the antioxidant contained in mangosteen peel, can prevent proliferation of cancer cells. This will really help healing process of cancer. But, we must remember that mangosteen peel cannot kill cancer cells totally. Cancer patients still have to undergo chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and mangosteen peel is used as food supplement.
2. Boosts Immune System
Mangosteen peel contains vitamin C which has important role of maintaining immune system. Vitamin C activates immune system any time our body meets infectious agents, so we will not get sick easily. Mangosteen peel is also good to be consumed by sick people. One of health benefits of mangosteen skin is to accelerate healing process.
Mangosteen peel also has anti-microbial properties which are very effective against Staphylococcus aureus. This makes mangosteen skin good to be consumed by people with low immunity, such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS patients.
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3. Controls Blood Sugar
Mangosteen skin has very little calories. This makes mangosteen skin very safe for diabetic people. Mangosteen skin also contains fiber which helps keep blood sugar in normal level, by binding with excessive sugar in the intestines and preventing it to be absorbed into blood. But we have to remember that to get the best result of controlling diabetes, we must keep healthy life, such as eating healthy foods and regular physical activities.
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4. Prevents Constipation
The fiber in mangosteen peel helps prevent constipation. The fiber gives more mass to the stool, and it also absorb water from outside of the colon, making the stool softer and easier to be excreted. This will make us go to toilet regularly.
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5. Controls Cholesterol Level
Fiber in mangosteen peel has the ability of increasing good cholesterol (HDL) and reducing bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglyceride. The fiber binds with LDL and triglyceride in the intestines, preventing them to be absorbed into blood. The antioxidants contained in mangosteen peel binds with the LDL and triglycerides in the blood and accelates them to be processed into bile acid, which later would be eliminated from the body. As we already know, accumulation of LDL and trigycerides in the body can cause atherosclerosis, which can lead to various complications.
6. Maintains Healthy Heart
With the ability of controlling cholesterol level, mangosteen has health benefits of maintaining healthy heart. With balanced cholesterol level, we can prevent plaque-forming on blood vessel inner walls, thus preventing atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is known to cause many cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, stroke, and heart attack.
Moreover, mangosteen peel also has cardio-protector properties which can prevent some heart diseases, such as rheumatic heart disease and sudden death of heart muscles cells.
7. Prevents Stroke
Mangosteen skin has the health benefit of preventing stroke because it can prevent atherosclerosis. The antioxidants contained in mangosteen peel can maintain elasticity of blood vessels, preventing it from early atherosclerosis which could result in stroke and other thrombosis-related diseases.
Antioxidants in mangosteen peel can bind with toxins and chemical compounds which get into the body from air pollution, smokes, contaminated foods and radiations. These dangerous substances would later be eliminated from the body by urine.
If those substances get into intestines, antioxidants in mangosteen skin will protect the intestines mucous layers so the mucous layer would not in contact directly with the toxins, thus preventing the forming of colon cancer.
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9. Maintains Healthy Eyes
Mangosteen peel also contains vitamin A, which is very good for vision health. Vitamin A can protect retina and sharpen vision, and preventing us to get xerophtalmia (lack of vision in dim / dark light).
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10. Maintains Density of Bones
One of health benefits of mangosteen peel is maintaining density of bones, due to its calcium content. Calcium is important to maintain healthy bones and prevents osteoporosis. If mangosteen skin is consumed by children and teenagers, it can support optimal bone growth, making the children grow taller with strong bones.
11. Maintains Stamina and Body Fitness
Other than vitamin C, mangosteen peel also contains vitamin B Complex which can maintain stamina and boost body fitness. Vitamin B is important for metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat. These substances would later be converted into energy which is important for doing everyday activities and metabolism of other body organs.
Vitamin B also boosts neural system coordination so our body can function optimally.
Mangosteen Peel for Beauty Treatments
High antioxidants in mangosteen peel is very useful to prevent early aging. The antioxidants eliminate dead cells and promotes regeneration process of new cells. We can see this effect clearly in our skin. Taking mangosteen extracts or juice at least for 1 week can reduce wrinkles on skin.
13. Brightens Skin
Vitamin C in mangosteen peel can brighten dull and oily skin. Vitamin C is already proven in many studies as skin brightener.
Moreover, vitamin C promotes collagen forming, which is needed to maintain firm and youthful skin.
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14. Reduces Pimples and Acne
Mangosteen peel has anti-inflammation properties which can help reduce inflamed acne and pimples, and prevent the forming of new acnes. Mangosteen skin also has anti-microbial agent which can inhibit the growth of ance-causing bacteria.
To get this health benefit of mangosteen skin, we can mash the inner side of mangosteen skin and use it as face mask. We also can drink mangosteen skin juice or extracts to maximize the effect.
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How to Prepare Mangosteen Peel Juice
If we eat mangosteen skin directly, it is tangy and bitter. We can follow these steps to mask the bitter taste. It is easy and we can do it at home.
- Take 1-2 ripe mangosteen fruits, clean them well.
- Take the white pulp out. We can eat it separately or mix it in the juice later.
- Scrape the inside soft skin (not the outer one) with spoon or small knife.
- Boil the scraped skin for 2-3 minutes to get rid of its bitterness.
- Prepare the blender. Put the boiled mangosteen skin + 100 ml of decoction + 100 ml drinking water (or icecubes) + honey into the blender. We can also add other fruits, such as avocado, lemon, strawberries, pineapples, etc.
- Process it until smooth. Pour it into a glass and drink it immediately.
If we have excess juice, we can store the juice in refrigerator for 2 days. Put the juice in airtight container, to prevent it changing color because of oxidation process. It is advised to drink mangosteen skin juice after eating, not on empty stomach. The acidity of mangosteen peel can make the stomach excrete more acid.
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Since we already know all health benefits of mangosteen peel, we should not throw away the mangosteen peel after we eat the juicy white pulp. It is advisable to consume mangosteen skin juice once a day to keep us healthy. If we do not like the taste, or when it is difficult to find fresh mangosteen fruits, we can also buy the extracts in capsules. It is easy to find the capsules in drugstores.