Every mothers who always cook must be very familiar with ginger. Besides ginger has a sense of taste and flavor, it is also used as a medicine. Usually, ginger is well-known used as a spice and as a medicine. The dominant taste of ginger is spicy ginger because it contains Ketones compounds named Zingeron.
Ginger can be used for warming our body. Especially when the weather was cold or rain continuously, it is suitable for taking ginger so the body would get warmer. Ginger is also often made as a drink that can be used to warm the body (Read: Health benefits of fermented ginger beer)
Ginger has a few names that are usually distinguished by color and size. There are white ginger/ big yellow, white ginger/small yellow, and the red ginger. Although it has many names based on the color and size, the general content of ginger is same.
Generally, three types of ginger contain: starch, essential oils, fibers, small amounts of protein, vitamins, minerals, and enzymes called Proteolytic Zingibain. Dried ginger has a water content of 7-12%, 1-3% essential oil, oleo resin 5-10%, 50-55% starch and a small amount of protein, fiber, fat to 7%.
From the chemical elements, the main component of fresh ginger is homologous phenol compounds known as Gingerol Ketone. Gingerol is very unstable in the presence of heat and at high temperatures which will turn it into shogaol. Shogaol is more spicy than Gingerol and it is the main component of dry ginger.
The specific natures of ginger caused by volatile oil and ginger oleoresin. While, the fragrant aroma of ginger is caused by the essential oil, oleoresin while causing a spicy flavor.
Benefits of Ginger Based on Nutrition
According to the research by Hernani and Hayani, red ginger has;
- Starch content (52.9%),
- Essential oil (3.9%) and
- Alcohol-soluble extract (9.93%) higher than Emprit ginger (41.48, 3, 5, and 7.29%) and Elephant ginger (44.25, 2.5 and 5.81%).
The nutritional values of 100 grams of dry ginger;
- Water content of 15% has a composition of 7.2 to 8.7 g,
- Dat 5.5 to 7.3 g,
- 2.5 to 5.7 grams ash,
- Iron (9.41 mg),
- Calcium (104.02 mg)
- And phosphorus (204.75 mg).
The chemical composition of ginger is influenced by various factors, including the time of harvest, the environment (altitude, rainfall, soil type), the state of the rhizome (fresh or dried) and geography. Spicy flavor of fresh ginger gingerol originated from a group of compounds, namely phenol derivatives.
Spill / the highest component of gingerol is 6-gingerol. Spicy flavor of dried ginger compounds derived from shogaol, which is the result of dehydration of gingerol. In Indonesia, red ginger compounds found are gingerol and shogaol. The main chemical components of its taste is spicy aromatic ketones called gingerol which consists of 6, 8 and 10 gingerol.
- Dried ginger has a water content of 7-12%, 1-3% essential oil, oleoresin 5-10%, 50-55% starch and a small amount of protein, fiber, fat to 7%. The aroma of ginger is highly dependent on volatile oil content (1-3%).
The variation of chemical components in the essential oil of ginger were not only because of its variety, but the aggro-climatic conditions (climate, season, geographical) environment, the rate of aging, the adaptation of metabolites from plants, distillation conditions and the portions were also analyzed.
Several chemical components of ginger, such as gingerol, shogaol and zingerone which provide pharmacological and physiological effects such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic,non-toxic and non-mutagen even though at high concentrations. The oil in the extract contained seskuiterpen, especially zingiberen, monoterpenes and oxidized.
Ginger’s oleoresin contains fats, waxes, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Oleoresin provides pungency aroma that ranges between 4-7% and has high potential as an antioxidant. The processing of mainly use, the heating turned out to be lower levels of 6 gingerol.
Puengphian and Sirichote research results showed that fresh ginger (moisture content 94%), 17% of which has a gingerol content of 21.15 mg / g. Drying at a temperature of 55 ± 2 ° C for 11 hours to produce the water content of 11.54 ± 0.29% with high levels of gingerol 18.81 mg / g.
The contents in this ginger have benefits for:
1. The Content of Ginger is Useful as Therapy
At the ginger drink, usually we like to inhale the steam coming out. The aroma of this ginger typically gives a soothing effect because it has the content of natural essential oil.
Essential oils which have a soothing scent can be used for overcoming some complaints such as insomnia, fever, nausea, headache, your mind becomes more relax, and restlessness. That’s why some people when they are in a period of bad mood, often consuming a ginger drink to get the effect of relaxation.
2. As a Food Flavoring
If we pay attention to the cuisine, some dishes were given ginger. Actually, it aims to add aroma and flavor savory dishes. This is produced by essential oils. Moreover, it must be noted that ginger does not contain fat and sugar so safely added to food products to enhance the aroma without adding calories.
Ginger is usually crushed or pulverized and then included in the diet in a state still hot. Ginger gives a distinctive aroma to a particular cuisine. Many typical dishes seasoned with ginger, for example, a dish made from chicken.
In addition, ginger is also used to remove the rancid odor or fishy. Rancid odor or fishy usually makes people less happy or even disgust and reluctant to eat food that is still distinctive smell of fish or meat. Well, the benefits of which the second is for eliminating odors in fish or meat that smells fishy or rancid not too oppressive.
3. As Natural Antioxidants
The results of pharmacological research, showed that ginger is a natural antioxidant. Compounds in ginger are quite high and very efficient to manage free radical.
Some of the compounds found in ginger, including gingerol, shogaol and zingeron which provide pharmacological and physiological activity such as antioxidant effect, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anticarcinogenic and cardiotonic.
Antioxidants can help protect your body’s cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Free radicals can be obtained both naturally and from outside the body. Naturally, free radicals are chemicals produced from the digestion of food. While from the outside of the body, caused by cigarette smoke and radiation.
Free radicals which are cannot be handled in the body are able to cause many chronic diseases, such as cancer and heart disease. Ginger contains a lot of phenol which are efficacious as an antioxidant. Phenol is primarily a phenol-6 gingerol. Bio-active has strong antioxidant power to protect all the cells from exposure to free radicals that damage them.
Biochemical tests showed that gingerol from ginger effectively contains free radicals. Consumption of ginger 10 mg / kg body weight in mice exposed to radiation can reduce free radical damage. Another study explained that the consumption of ginger is able to reduce the damage caused by lipid peroxide in line with increasing levels of post-consumer glutathionee ginger.
4. The Volatile Oils Have Antiseptic Effect
The content of essential oils in ginger is a chemical used to clean bruises, cuts, abrasions, and minor burns, caused by trauma such as a traffic accident, work accident, or other accidents. Moreover, the antiseptic can also be defined as materials used for the prevention of infection in living tissue such as the skin surface and parts such as lips, urethra and genitalia. Essential oils in ginger is useful in inhibiting the growth of bacteria that is found in living tissues.
Phenol is a major component in the trade antiseptic, triklorofenol otherwise known as TCP (trichlorophenol). Phenol is also a part of several anesthetic oral compositions, such as sprays clorasepthic. Besides phenol there are also other bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, steroids and alkaloids that have roles and functions of each.
5. Prevent and Inhibit Mildew
Besides being able to prevent the skin exposed to the fungus, the content of essential oils in ginger are also able to inhibit the development of fungi. If there is a fungus in the body, essential oils will react to the fungus.
Red ginger essential oil has anti fungal effects because it contains gingerol, shogaol, zingiberol, and eugenol, and monoterpene. Phenol is a carbolic acid that can block the cell walls of fungi. Phenol derivative compound interacts with fungal cells through adsorption processes involving hydrogen bonds.
At low levels, phenol and protein will bind to form a complex protein-phenol. The phenol-protein complexes have weak bonds and immediately undergo decomposition. Then, this is followed by the penetration of phenol into the yeast cells to cause precipitation and protein denaturation.
Monoterpene compounds (α-pinene, β-pinene, α-terpinene) interfere with the function of fungal cell membranes. Ginger rhizomes contain antimicrobial compounds such as phenol, flavonoids, and essential oils which can inhibit the growth of microbes.
Eugenol bound to ergosterol in the fungal cell membrane that will disrupt transport processes. So that, macro molecules and ions within the cell is lost, and cause the destruction of the irreversible, inhibit the biosynthesis of lipids fungi, especially ergosterol in the cell membrane.
6. As a Deodorizer in Various Perfume Products
You can find various types of fragrance or air freshener with a variety of different scents. Aroma generated from the actual room fragrance ingredients derived from essential oils with a variety of plant sources.
Each plant usually has different properties so you can find freshener with the desired aroma. Even now, there are many types of certain essential oils are sold with a mixture of essential oils that can be aromatherapy.
7. It is Effective to Prevent Ultraviolet B (UVB)
Benefits of ginger for skin is very important to protect and make it skinny. Sunlight containing ultraviolet can be divided into UVA and UVB rays. The content oil in ginger can prevent UVB. As known that, UVB can cause skin reddening and burning, although its presentation can only reach the skin’s epidermis (superficial layers). Thus, there are many benefits of ginger for health.
8. Can be Used as a Therapy for Preventing Skin Damage
Besides being able to prevent UVB, the content of ginger is also able to prevent skin damage. Many among of you may not be aware if the ginger is very useful to keep the skin from various problems, among others dull face, acne, even to soften your skin.
It has been through the process of research conducted by Juliana Yu MD.H, a beauty expert and owner of House of Skinovation with experience in the beauty industry for 16 years.
According to Juliana, the ginger is very useful for the skin, but a combination of ginger with some other elements can produce the maximum care.
Ginger contains 400 active chemicals, magnesium, copper and vitamin B6. These elements are a source of antioxidants to inhibit free radicals causing skin damage and premature aging. Through the treatment by using ginger, then we can prevent premature aging of the skin characterized rough, appear fine lines, dry, dull, and when touched feels like scaly.
This occurs because the compound in ginger may be working to reduce toxins on dead skin cells, promote blood circulation of the body and makes the skin more tight.
9. Gingerol Compounds have been Demonstrated to Have Activity as an Antipyretic
Antipyretic drug is efficacious for lowering body temperature from a high temperature becomes stable again. Antipyretic drugs also suppress the symptoms that usually accompany such as myalgia, fever, chills, headache, etc.
10. Gingerol Compounds as well as an Antitussive.
Antitussive is a medication used to reduce the symptoms of cough due to various causes, including viral infections of the upper respiratory tract.
11. Useful as Anti-Inflammatory
Inflammation is the response of an organism against pathogens and mechanical alterations in the network, in the form of a series of reactions that occur at the site of tissue injury, such as burns, or infection. Inflammation is one that responds to infection and irritation of the immune system. Chemical factors such as bradykinin, serotonin, histamine, prostagladin and leukotrienes that are released by cells as a mediator between inflammation and the immune system.
12. As Analgesic
Analgesic is a drug that is designed to eliminate the pain without having to remove a person’s consciousness. Analgesics have properties such as narcotics, which suppress the central nervous system and alter the perception of pain suffered. Analgesics are often used in conjunction with some other types of drugs such as paracetamol and codeine.
13. Preventing Tumor
The content of gingerol in ginger in addition to be able to prevent cell death in the body, was also able to prevent the growth of cells in an unnatural or tumor.
14. As the Anticancer
It was not hard to get a natural anti-cancer substance (Read: List of medicinal plants used for cancer treatment). You can choose ginger to protect your body from cancer. Consumption of ginger can increase the production of glutathione to protect the body from a variety of free radicals that attack the cytoplasm and mitochondria. This is because the effectiveness of the services gingerol spicy flavorful compounds.
These bioactives are able to suppress pro-inflammatory. The decline in the number of inflammatory cells was shown by decreasing levels of growth the cells that led to cancer.
A study conducted at the University of Minnesota proved that consumption of 0.5 mg 3 times a day, gingerol is effective in preventing the development of colon cancer. The effectiveness lasts through the mechanism of gingerol chemoprotective and chemotherapy against colon carcinoma.
In addition to colon cancer, gingerol also effectively suppress ovarian cancer. Gingerol not only effectively prevent the development of ovarian cancer cells, but also can destroy cancer cells through the mechanism of the destruction (apoptosis) and auto phagocytosis.
Consuming ginger regularly may prevent cancer. Cancer is a disease caused by a gene impaired a person’s body, causing the cells to grow rapidly and uncontrollably. The initial process of gene disruption can be detected medically until found cancer cells long. This is because the body has a mechanism to prevent the occurrence of cancer in the early stages. Only in certain circumstances the body fails to deter forming cancer cells. Until then evolved into a collection of dense tissue.
As for cancer therapy usually by chemotherapy and the side effects of chemotherapy are nausea and hair loss. Ginger can reduce nausea as a side effect of chemotherapy treatment, even the results of the study indicate that ginger can fight cancer cells. All this is due to the synergy effect of zingiberen and derivatives component that provides pharmacological effects.
15. Lowers Blood Pressure
(You may read: Symptoms of low blood pressure)
At low concentrations it turns gingerol and shogaol can lower blood pressure. This is because ginger stimulates the release of adrenaline and widens blood vessels, resulting in blood flow quickly and smoothly, and lighten the work of the heart pumps blood.
16. To Reduce the Risk of Heart Disease
Blockage of blood flow caused by the presence of fat and cholesterol attached to the walls of blood vessels and this will lead to coronary heart disease.
Well, ginger is usually used in cooking appeared to have compounds that can lower cholesterol levels. In the medical journal, published in 2008, ‘the Saudi Medical Journal’, mentioned that consuming 3 grams of ginger per day for 45 days can reduce cholesterol levels.
In addition, it was reported that Ginger may reduce the risk of heart disease, also can improve the performance of the heart during exercise because it provides a relaxing effect on the body. Ginger benefits similar to aspirin that can reduce blood clotting.
17. To Reduce Weight
Ginger is proven to reduce weight that is why those who are in a period of diet, consuming ginger does not matter. Moreover, ginger also contains no sugar.
Ginger is a spice that can warm the body. Various studies have been done that if drinking warm ginger can make your appetite is reduced because you’ll feel full longer. One examined the Institute of Human Nutrition at Columbia University.
Drink warm ginger will keep the body temperature remains warm and helps the body to burn fat. Drinking warm ginger equivalent of your exercise for two hours, with drinking ginger automatic course you do not need much time to exercise every day.
If you want to lose weight with ginger, you may drink it before or after breakfast. Repeat again to consume at lunch and dinner. Try drinking ginger as much as 1-4 cups a day. Drinking ginger is like at meal times while replacing a lunch menu with braised vegetables and avoid fatty foods. At dinner can be replaced with fruit because the fruit contains a lot of fiber which does not gain weight, also with boiled vegetables.
For the better way you may try to get the benefits of drinking ginger tea for weight loss.
18. Anti Hyperlipidemia
Hyperlipidemia is a condition characterized by elevated levels of lipids / fat blood past the normal limit. The content of ginger was able to act as hyperlipidemic drugs.
The results also showed that the methanol extract of dried ginger can decrease significantly increased lipid levels induced by weight, fructose, hiperinsulinema to hyperglycemic. While treatment with the ethyl acetate extract shows no significant effect on the last two parameters, but provides a significant reduction in the decline in blood lipids and body weight.
19. Zingerone Compounds Effective Against Diarrheacausing Escherichiacoli
Zinzerol compound that gives a very sharp character of the ginger rhizome proved very effective against Escherichia coli causes diarrhea, especially in children. The presence of copper minerals like manganese, potassium, magnesium is also very helpful.
Potassium is an important component that helps the body in controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Ginger enzyme can catalyze protein in the digestive tract so it does not cause nausea.
20. To Reduce Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnant Women.
Typical aroma of ginger gives a soothing effect was also influential in pregnant women, ginger can reduce nausea and vomiting in pregnant women (Read also: Health benefits of watermelon during pregnancy).
With good compounds found in ginger, ginger in addition to reducing the occurrence of morning sickness in pregnant women younger can also form immune fetus in the belly of pregnant women for vitamin C in the ginger. Ginger also can prevent the risk of birth defects.
For pregnant women, should consume ginger natural than taking medicine or herbal supplements that are sold freely on the market.
21. Treating Alzheimer’s
In vitro, research conducted by Kim in 2000 showed that it has been demonstrated that the active ingredient in ginger and prospective potential to treat Alzheimer’s disease.
22. Treating Chronic Diseases such as Diabetes
Sekiya doing research in 2004, the results showed that the content of ginger is able to treat the disease and hinder the development of chronic diseases such as diabetes.
23. Mixed Flavorings in Food
Ginger also contains malic acid. Malic acid (malic acid) is a dicarboxylic acid that gives a sour taste and bitterness. Most of malic acid is found in various fruits such as green apples and grapes. Benefits of malic acid usually mixed with some food flavorings to provide various types of sensation.
24. To Prevent Seasickness
Ginger supplements have been tried against the 1741 tourists with a dose of 250 mg every 2 hours, results showed very effectively the same as when taking medication to prevent seasickness.
In another experiment, conducted on 11 adults who had undergone chemotherapy, apparently fell sick after consuming powdered ginger 1.5 g. Red ginger extract orally in low doses from 0.2 to 2 mg / kg showed analgesic and effective as anti-inflammatory, because of the synergy of compounds in the extract of red ginger. Even when given to 8 volunteers turned out to be very effective in preventing seasickness including vertigo associated with seasickness.
25. Increases Energy
The content of malic acid in ginger takes a role in the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Adenosine triphosphate serves as an energy carrier in the body of living organisms, from plants, animals, bacteria, fungi up into humans. ATP captures the energy released by the combustion of nutrients and transfer it to reactions that require energy such as building cell components, muscle contraction, nerve transmits messages, and many other uses. ATP regulates the circulation of energy in cells.
Malic acid is useful to increase energy production in cells, relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Fibromyalgia is a pain in the bones and muscles that spread to the inside of the body from the location of the pain is coming from. This condition can affect various parts of the body and can last up to several years. This condition is often referred to as chronic fatigue syndrome (prolonged) by a health care professional. Although both have similarities in many aspects, there are differences in terms of common sensation experienced by the patient. Fibromyalgia is characterized by pain and stiffness while chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by severe fatigue.
26. Prevents the Growth of Bacteria
Ethanol and chloroform extracts of ginger was found to inhibit the growth of bacteria Klebsiella pneumonia, Salmonella thyphimurium, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus fecalis but had no effect on the growth of E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and S. epidermis.
27. Helps Digestion
Being able to cultivate the good bacteria in the body. In India and China, ginger tea made from fresh ginger not only reduce, but can help digestion.
28. Treating High Fever
Ginger powder can be used as medicines for the production of herbal medicines in the treatment of cold fever.
29. As a Herbal Drinks
One of Indonesia’s most popular beverage in the use of ginger is ginger beverage product that is now being sold in packaged form, and many more products made from ginger for example ginger oil and ginger spice.
Ginger beverage product is very easy to make, but how much better your own makes ginger ale for the benefit of natural ginger ale. Back again to ginger, people generally only know that ginger is useful and beneficial for the body and can treat the disease, but there is no division or any explanation given ginger benefits to our body, your body. So, when it is useful and efficacious ginger just limited to myth and without scientific explanation.
30. Ginger can Stimulate Blood Circulation
Ginger is known to be able to restore the blood pressure of high blood pressure or lace to be normal, was also able to stimulate blood circulation in the body.The effect is a smooth blood circulation.
31. Preventing Illness and Exercise-Induced Muscle Fatigue
The results showed that consuming fresh ingredients and processed ginger each day will reduce muscle pain and prevent any exercise-induced muscle.
32. Reduce Cholesterol
The content of ginger can reduce cholesterol that can damage heart health. (Read: Foods that Lower Cholesterol)
33. Serves as Antiglikemik
Research on the function of ginger in the body indicates that the time pancreas produces insulin in the body, ginger issued an anti-glycemic function of regulating and balancing insulin levels and prevent insulin resistance by lowering triglyceride blood sugar in the body.
34. The Antioxidant for Type 2 Diabetes
One of the biggest causes of type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle, and food. Taking benefits of ginger for diabetes are able to act as an antioxidant agent, especially for type 2 diabetes.
35. Improvements in the Body’s Muscles
The content of a number of magnesium, calcium, protein, iron, sodium, potassium and phosphorus would provide improvements to the muscles, depression, muscle weakness, seizures, and hull damage.
36. Preventing Bone Damage
High levels of potassium protects bone damage, paralysis, sterility, muscle weakness kidney and liver damage. Besides consuming ginger, benefits of exercise for bone health is also necessary.
37. Appetite Stimulants
The products of ginger as ginger tea is used as a carminative and treat fever, in China is used as a tonic. Ginger is known to have activity as an antioxidant that helps neutralizing free radicals and can inhibit collagenase elasticity of the skin so that it can be used as an anti-cellulite.
38. As a Preservative
Ginger extract is a natural substance that can extend the shelf life of soy milk. The addition of ginger extract functions as a preservative, by inhibiting microbial growth and add taste.
39. Treat Toothache
Ginger is helpful in relieving painful gums and dental disease and it can be prevented by taking ginger because ginger has anti fungal and antibacterial properties.
40. As a Natural Pesticide
Ginger can be used for material of natural pesticides. The usefulness of natural pesticides from ginger is to kill the caterpillars tomatoes, aphids, grasshoppers, trips, and nematodes on plants. The ways are;
- Mashed ginger until smooth,
- Add water and detergent,
- And then stir until smooth then strain.
- Spray to all parts of the affected plants in the morning or evening.
41. Useful as a facilitator of Menstruation
Drinking ginger regularly during menstrual period turned out to be capable of launching simultaneously reduce pain when menstruation. The ways as follows;
- Slice ginger into thin then crushed.
- Then, cook with the water about 3 cups,
- Add little sugar, and allow to boil until the remaining 1 cup only.
- Drink 3 times a day.
42. Throw Away the Wind, Strengthens the Stomach, Improve Digestion and Keep the Body Warm.
Ginger is able to throw the wind away and contains the substance that will keep our body warm. So, we will not get colds. Moreover, ginger also beneficial for strengthens our stomach and improve digestion.
43. Carminative Medicine and Leaf Stimulant
With the use of a dose of 0.5 grams to 1.2 grams, ginger can be useful for carminative medicine, and stimulant. Protects the digestive system by lowering acid stomach and inhibiting the irritation of the digestive tract because it contains compounds ginger acetone and methanol.
44. Traditionally Used for Migraine Headaches
Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, a stimulant, diuretic, rheumatism, eliminate pain, sickness, and topically to treat itching due to insect bites, sprains, swelling, and bruising.
45. Strengthen Sperm
Ginger contains cineole and arginine compounds which have benefited strengthen the endurance of sperm.
46. Benefits of Ginger as Flu Medicine
The symptoms of flu can be cured by consuming ginger. Ingredients Limonene and antimicrobial useful in preventing and treating colds and flu adds to the durability of your body.
47. Stimulate Discharge Breast Milk
Ginger is helpful in stimulating the secretion of breast milk for the content of 10-dehydroginger-dione. There are many benefits of ginger for health.
48. Reduce and Eliminate Dandruff.
Based on research of Fitriana Aprilia in faculty of medicine, University of Diponegoro, she examines the effectiveness of ginger extract on the growth of fungi that cause dandruff.
49. Nourish Hair
Ginger contains vitamin C which is really useful for hair treatment (Read: Benefits of vitamin C for hair). Ginger stimulates blood circulation to the hair follicles to grow hair. Moreover, the fatty acids in the ginger can slow thin hair by applying a flat to gently massage the scalp and hair mask by mixing ginger with jojoba oil, let 30 minutes and rinse with shampoo.
50. Preventing Infertility and Drains.
Content of Arginine are useful to prevent infertility.
51. Sore Medicine
Benefits of ginger as a cure aches have the easy way to make;
- Provide two gingers, two glasses of milk, the red ginger is burned with fire,
- Mashed red ginger which has been prepared.
- Then boiled red ginger into 2 cups of milk before boiling.
- Drink a potion twice a day.
52. Increasing Passion Sex
Ingredients Capsaicin is beneficial in stimulating an erection, and the content of arginine which strengthen the endurance of sperm.
53. Overcoming Premature Ejaculation.
The content of 1,8-cineole in ginger helpful in overcoming premature ejaculation. Meanwhile, there are many benefits of ginger for health.
54. Asthma Drugs
Ginger is also useful in treating the symptoms of asthma. With some additional ingredients, how to use ?
- Fresh red ginger 20 grams,
- 30 grams of fresh bitter leaf,
- 30 grams of fresh leaf cottonwoods,
- 20 grams of fresh Lampes leaves,
- 4 cups water 800 ml.
- Wash all the ingredients and Boil them with water till remains two cups.
- Strain the herb and drink twice a day (morning and evening) after the meal, each 1 cup.
Enjoying the Ginger In Different Process
Generally ginger can be developed in a variety of food products and beverages. Some of the products can be developed from ginger and has been widely circulated abroad is pickled ginger, gingerbread, biscuits, sweets, beer (ginger ale), syrups, and powders. Products in the country are made from ginger, among others, dried ginger, ginger candy, ginger powder, ginger oil and oleoresin.
Ginger-based products have a wide range of applications in many industries such as food processing, pharmaceuticals, soft drinks, canning meat, confectionery, tobacco processing, and soap making with good export prospects as well. Ginger is also used to produce ginger oil and oleoresin. Demand for the product is pretty good and the opportunity for new investments. There is a large market for fresh or dried ginger. The main application of ginger oil is sugar drinks and baked products.
Types of Ginger
Generally there are three types of ginger as distinguished from the aroma, color, shape and size. The three types of ginger is big white ginger, small white ginger and red ginger. Big white ginger is generally called ginger or ginger rhino. It is because the size of a large white ginger is greater when compared with other gingers. The types of ginger is as follows:
1. Ginger Elephant, Rhino Ginger or Big Ginger
Stem of ginger elephant is round shape, light green, covered with leaf midrib, making it rather hard. 55.88 to 81.38 cm high plant. The leaves are arranged alternately and regularly, the upper leaf surface light green color when compared to the bottom. 24.87 to 27.52 cm2 leaf area with a length of 17.42 to 21.99 cm, width of 2.00 to 2.45 cm, width of the canopy between 41.05 to 53.81 cm and the number of leaves in the tree reaches 25-31 sheets.
This is the most famous ginger in the world, and provide more than 60% all ginger type around the world. This herbs plant is used by various industries type.
2. Small ginger or ginger Emprit
Small ginger stem is round, light green, and covered by a leaf midrib, so a bit hard. The average height of the plants between 41.87 to 56.45 centimeters. Leaf arrangement is intermittent and irregular with the color of the upper leaf surface light green.
Leaf area from 14.36 to 20.50, 17.45 to 19.97 centimeters leaf length, leaf width from 2.24 to 3.26 centimeters, and width of the canopy ranged from 34.93 to 44.87 centimeters. This ginger usually uses for spices at some people around the world, including South East Asian, East Asian, and United States.
3. Red Ginger or Ginger Sunti
Rod-shaped small round red ginger, green red, and somewhat hard because covered with leaf midrib. Plant height reaches 34.18 to 62.28 centimeters. The leaves are arranged alternately on a regular basis and has a green color (darker) than either of the other types. Upper leaf surface light green color than the bottom. Leaf area from 32.55 to 51.18 inches by 24.30 to 24.79 centimeters long, from 2.79 to 31.18 centimeters wide, and a header from 36.93 to 52.87 centimeters.
Ginger with its variety of benefits have been processed in various forms that we can enjoy. But keep in mind, any processed ingredients of ginger certainly reduce the content itself. So if you want to enjoy the benefits optimally ginger, be careful with the step you do to make a cup of ginger drink. Good luck!